Broadcast Levels 2013-03-08 02:10:09 I have a few questions about radio broadcast standards. Background Info: I recently purchased an audio editor called 'Hindenburg Journalist'. The software analyzes audio as it is imported and then automatically adjusts levels. In many cases it lowers the level of my clips considerably. Hindenburg Systems says their program adjusts audio clips "relative to each other for a professional and balanced mix." That part seems fine. When importing audio into Hindenburg Journalist, all levels are automatically set to the following levels: Peak 9 QPPM; Narration 21 LUFS; and Music 23 LUFS.I notice that the finished output file has peak amplitude way way below 0dB. I understand leaving some headroom when recording my initial tracks. But what is the advantage of leaving so much headroom in a finished, mixed output file? Isn't the listener just going to have to crank up the volume? Wouldn't it be better not to drop the levels of everything so much but rather keep the final mix closer to 0dB to lessen noise?