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  • Pio2001
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
MestreLion wrote a good tutorial for EAC beginners, as well as advanced users, about the gap settings :

http://www.digital-inn.de/showthread.php?postid=54218

  • arrdent
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #1
Fine

It seems correct :
If I do  "Action>create Cue>current gap settings",
I get a cue identical to  "Action>create Cue>Multiple WAV files with Gaps...noncompliant"

(I didn't detect gaps, but I could have explicitly detected&appended to previous track)

My question is: why do so many people create a "Multiple WAVs with Corrected gaps" Cue sheet, if gaps were appended to previous track (explicitly or implicitly)? I thought "Multiple WAVs with corrected gaps" was meant for the "append to next track" situation?! 

A quick test shows it is different from the standard Cue ("Multiple WAVs with gaps noncompliant), and it doesnt seem to be convertible to the standard "Multiple WAVs with gaps".

  • liekloo
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #2
Good question, I have been wondering this too.

I should immediately try it - but atm my harddisk doesnt allow me to (full)
"E S S E N T I A L" Guide for E A C :

http://users.fulladsl.be/spb2267/

  • liekloo
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #3
Okay, I tried with 2 subsequent tracks, which i ripped with default settings (gaps appended to previous track)

EAC accepts both CUE sheets (even the one that is meant for gaps appended to the next track).
As expected, Nero doesn't accept the Noncompliant CUE, but it accepts the other one.

Conclusion: Nero and EAC are smarter than I thought. 
"E S S E N T I A L" Guide for E A C :

http://users.fulladsl.be/spb2267/

  • liekloo
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #4
hmmm 


Damn, I forgot something: wouldn't the CUE meant for corrected gaps, consider the two first seconds of each track as a 'gap', even it is not a gap (e.g. if the real gap was appended to the previous track)?
That would be very bad 

Or are those burning programs really smart (let's hope...)

Can anyone tell me?
  • Last Edit: 29 November, 2002, 08:36:53 AM by liekloo
"E S S E N T I A L" Guide for E A C :

http://users.fulladsl.be/spb2267/

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #5
Quote
MestreLion wrote a good tutorial for EAC beginners, as well as advanced users, about the gap settings :

http://www.digital-inn.de/showthread.php?postid=54218

Wow, never thought my newbie post would make it that far!

Thanks a lot for such support, Pio!

Just a plea: I wrote this "faq" in a real lazy way, so *please*, if any of you out there have *any* suggestions, comments, critics, flames, etc, feel free to tell them!


Btw... Im still reading several forums, looking for the Holy Grail of "perfect, balanced, high quality, space saving Audio ripping and encoding". I just settled with my EAC settings, and now turned my attention to mp3 encoding. I thought I would be forever happy with LAME 3.92 --r3mix preset... but now Im seriously thinking about changing to LAME 3.90.2 --alt-preset standard

Thats how I, after some hours reading and browsing and seaching, came to this forum... and thats how I found this little post
Really glad you liked the lil tutorial.. hope it can be useful for someone

last but not least... you said "as well as advanced users" ? Wow, Im flattered, but... it cant be true. A month ago I had no clue about what VBR is, and only started to use EAC a week ago.

But thanks a lot. To see you, the great Pio2001, Moderator of EAC's, HA and R3MIX forums, post a link to such a humble message, is a great honor to me! )

  • Pio2001
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #6
Quote
you said "as well as advanced users" ?


Yes, I consider myself as an advanced user, but I didn't know what gap settings meant what. People here know that I hate gap detection, and that I've sworn my life to its complete eradication 

Quote
Pio2001, Moderator of EAC's, HA and R3MIX forums


To be correct, I consider myself no more moderator in R3mix, though I'm still labeled as such, but on the other hand, I work as hard as a moderator in EAC, where I'm not.
FWIW I also linked your post in CDFreaks.com audio forum, and Afterdawn.com audio forum.

Quote
wouldn't the CUE meant for corrected gaps, consider the two first seconds of each track as a 'gap', even it is not a gap (e.g. if the real gap was appended to the previous track)?


If I understood well, EAC will read the gaps from the CD, not from the wavs. If the CD has no gaps, there will be no gaps in your cue. If the CD has gaps, the beginning of each wav will be considered as the gap, even if you appended them to previous track.

  • Shiki
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #7
So if I rip the tracks without detecting gaps first, and then create a CUE sheet with the Multiple WAVs (non-compliant) option, I'll get the correct settings?

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #8
ok, I have a gap related question:

I have a cd, The Tea Party : Transmission

I believe it's track 9 (I don't have the cd infront of me at the moment)  The track has an instrumental intro that starts at -01:59.  At 00:00 the actual song starts.  How do I rip this so the intro comes out as a seperate track that can be encoded?
"You can fight without ever winning, but never win without a fight."  Neil Peart  'Resist'

  • Pio2001
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #9
Quote
How do I rip this so the intro comes out as a seperate track that can be encoded?

Action / copy selected tracks index based

  • Wombat
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #10
I always detect gaps -> copy with left out gaps (like the original file on the CD) -> create cue sheet with left out gaps - fits!

Wombat
Is troll-adiposity coming from feederism?
With 24bit music you can listen to silence much louder!

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #11
I'll try it out
"You can fight without ever winning, but never win without a fight."  Neil Peart  'Resist'

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #12
Quote
So if I rip the tracks without detecting gaps first, and then create a CUE sheet with the Multiple WAVs (non-compliant) option, I'll get the correct settings?

Yes.

When you dont manually detect gaps first, EAC automatically insert gaps at the end of the previous track, by default. And the CUE Sheet that correctly matches such layout is the "Multiple Wavs (Noncompliant)".

Or you could always Create CUE Sheet -> Current Gap Settings. Since you didnt change any gap settings, this option will give you the same CUE as using the Noncompliant option. So, if is the same result, why do I reccomend using "current gap settings" instead of "manually" picking "Multiple Wavs (Noncompliant)"? 2 reasons:

- Its easier to remember. Its the 1st option, its the default. For the sake of simplicity
- IF, someday, you decide to detect gaps before extraction to play with the gap settings, and perhaps select a different setting, the "CUE -> Current Setting" will always give you the right CUE for your current gap setting. So, when creating a CUE Sheet, it doesnt matter if you detected gaps or not, it doesnt matter of you changed the gap settings or not,"current gap settings" will give you the CUE that matches whatever you have done with gaps. For the sake of safety

PS: Pio, how do you quote multiple messages? If I use (Quote)xxx(/Quote) I cant fill in the quote's date and author.

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #13
Quote
I always detect gaps -> copy with left out gaps (like the original file on the CD) -> create cue sheet with left out gaps - fits!

Wombat

I strongly dont reccomend you doing so! For several reasons:

- Unless the gaps in your CDs are only silence, you will LOSE actual music content. Dreamliner came in with a nice example:
Quote
The track has an instrumental intro that starts at -01:59. At 00:00 the actual song starts

So, in that album, the 2 seconds gap were NOT silence! And if you "copy with left out gaps" this instrumental intro will be LOST from the wavs! When you burn you CD-R "copy", 2 seconds of pure silence will be there instead. Yes, MP3 is lossy compression, but thats a bit too much, dont you think?   

- If in the original CD Dreamliner listened 2s of instrumental intro, and in the CD-R Copy done the way you do he would listen to 2s of silence, this means that definetly this way of copying is everything but "like the original file on the CD". For the sake of fidelity to original content, dont leave out gaps

You may say: "Ok, Dreamliner have a neat example. But this is an exception, not a rule. 99.8% of gaps in mainstream albums ARE digital silence, not fancy instrumental intros or intro speeches. Besides, for the sake of security, I have used EAC's powerful "Action -> Test Gaps on Silence" on every CD in my collection to make sure 100% of *my*gaps are silence. and they are. So the 2s of silence will be the same as the original, and I'll have 100% perfect copies."

Well, *if*  you indeed Tested Gaps On Silence, I am forced to agree with you. Your copies are 100% perfect. Arrest my case. But... may I highlight a thing?

- Why do you leave out gaps? To save HD space by trimming wavs? We are talking about gaps of length between 0 to 2s, among several minutes tracks. We are talking about less then 1% saving space. Such a small saving would be pointless by itself. And, if you burn the copy right after creating the image, and then delete it, then there is absolutely no reason for saving space in a temporary image!

- But, if you keep the image, perhaps because the CD was borrowed and you mp3 encoded it so you can listen with Winamp later, then the trimmed songs will sound really awful when played in sequence. Because the gaps are only in the CUE Sheet, not in the wavs/mp3s itself. You'll listen one song immedialty after the other, abruptely, with no pause whatsoever. This sounds bad, at least for me, and its definetly not worth the 0.8% disk space saving.

(not to mention the boring effort of testing gaps on silence on every album)

I am sorry for the perhaps "over-sarcastic" tone. Maybe I misunderstood you, and and you actually have a nice reason for leaving out gaps. Its just that I cant realize why would this option be useful in any circusntance. But if you just do it that way just because you were told to, or because "it fits", please dont do so! Take my sarcasm as a way of emphatising my message:

Dont leave out gaps!. It can lead to non-perfect copies. It takes some extra effort to make sure copy will be 100% perfect. Sometimes it wont be possible to leave them out and get a perfect copy. You get nothing by leaving them out, except for a mediocre <1% space saving that will make your wavs sound terrible by trimming the so necessary pauses.

Dont leave out gaps, and be happy

PS: Again, sorry for the crappy English

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #14
Just to clarify, the track I was talking about is actually a 2 min intro, so I would lose a whole hell of alot more than a 2 sec intro
"You can fight without ever winning, but never win without a fight."  Neil Peart  'Resist'

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #15
Quote
Just to clarify, the track I was talking about is actually a 2 min intro, so I would lose a whole hell of alot more than a 2 sec intro

Oh, my, you're right,.. -01:59 stands for almost 2 *minutes*, not seconds!

This is perhaps the best song example against "leave out gaps" method... what is the tracks's name, album and author?

Would be fun to burn such CD with left out gaps and then listening to 2 whole minutes of pure digital silence! LOL!

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #16
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My question is: why do so many people create a "Multiple WAVs with Corrected gaps" Cue sheet, if gaps were appended to previous track (explicitly or implicitly)?

Have no clue why.. perhaps because of term "corrected" misleads them. the same way the term "Noncompliant" seems to scare people away

Quote
I thought "Multiple WAVs with corrected gaps" was meant for the "append to next track" situation?!  :(


And, as far as I can see, it is indeed meant to that situation. At least, if you look at the generated CUE Sheet (its plain ASCII format), it clearly shows that the gaps (indices 00) are meant to be at the beggining of each file, matching the "append to next track" situation.

Quote
A quick test shows it is different from the standard Cue ("Multiple WAVs with gaps noncompliant), and it doesnt seem to be convertible to the standard "Multiple WAVs with gaps".


Could you explain what do you mean by "Convertible" ? Maybe the situation where you have wavs created with the standard way (gaps appended to end of previous track), but the CUE Sheet created using "corrected gaps", an now you want to convert this CUE to the "noncompliant" format so it matches the files? Well, there's no way to automatially convert the CUE. But you manually open the CUE Sheet using Notepad and edit the file so it matches the wavs. The CUE Sheet format isnt hard to understand, and all the info you need is already there. If you want a help on that subjct, just drop a line.

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #17
Quote
Okay, I tried with 2 subsequent tracks, which i ripped with default settings (gaps appended to previous track)

EAC accepts both CUE sheets (even the one that is meant for gaps appended to the next track).
As expected, Nero doesn't accept the Noncompliant CUE, but it accepts the other one.

Conclusion: Nero and EAC are smarter than I thought. 

Quote
wouldn't the CUE meant for corrected gaps, consider the two first seconds of each track as a 'gap', even it is not a gap (e.g. if the real gap was appended to the previous track)?
That would be very bad


Why?

Quote
Or are those burning programs really smart (let's hope...)


They're are not really smart, not even smart. They are dumb. "Dumb" because they do what they're told to do. If you feed it with a CUE that says that the first 2 seconds of the file "xxx.wav" are a gap, it will make it so.

Actually, once the gap is appended to a file, no matter if to the end of the previous or to the begging of the next, there's no way to tell the gap from the original song. Rembember that gap cant be silece, but can also be anything else. So the burner *needs*  the cue sheet to tell it where is the gap location within the wav file.

The CUE meant for corrected gaps dont consider the *two* first seconds of each track as a 'gap'. It considers the first xxx seconds of each track as a 'gap', xxx being the actual gap lenght found on CD, which can vary from track to track. but Yes, it will consider it a gap even if you apeended the gaps somewhere else, eg in the end of the previous track.

But this is NOT bad! I mean... this is what you meant when you created such a CUE. You were giving a direct order to the burner: My gaps are in the begging. If you appended the gaps somewhere else, this is not the burners or the CUE's fault

and before you say so: No, burners CANT detect gaps within a wav file. Simply because a gap can be anything.

  • liekloo
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #18
Thanks for answering, MestreLion!

[Q]QUOTE MestreLion:  Why?[/Q]
I think you must have misunderstood my qestion, because in the lines afterwards you answered that question:

Quote
They are dumb. "Dumb" because they do what they're told to do. If you feed it with a CUE that says that the first 2 seconds of the file "xxx.wav" are a gap, it will make it so.


Pio says the same thing:

Quote
QUOTE PIO2001:  If the CD has gaps, the beginning of each wav will be considered as the gap, even if you appended them to previous track.


So this is very bad news     
Very bad: if you burn with a Cue, and then select a track, the index 0 will not be played, so tracks will lose their first 2 seconds.

So this is not the correct way to make a compliant CUE sheet with default gap settings ('append to previous'). Is there another way? Probably just a matter of correctly editing the Non-compliant CUE sheet...
"E S S E N T I A L" Guide for E A C :

http://users.fulladsl.be/spb2267/

  • liekloo
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #19
Quote
myself: A quick test shows it is different from the standard Cue ("Multiple WAVs with gaps noncompliant), and it doesnt seem to be convertible to the standard "Multiple WAVs with gaps".



Quote
Quote MestreLion: Could you explain what do you mean by "Convertible" ? Maybe the situation where you have wavs created with the standard way (gaps appended to end of previous track), but the CUE Sheet created using "corrected gaps", an now you want to convert this CUE to the "noncompliant" format so it matches the files? Well, there's no way to automatially convert the CUE. But you manually open the CUE Sheet using Notepad and edit the file so it matches the wavs. The CUE Sheet format isnt hard to understand, and all the info you need is already there. If you want a help on that subjct, just drop a line.


By 'convertible' I meant -like you describe- manually editing the CUE sheet. To me that seems impossible, since all indexes are indicated differently (different times!)
So to me it seems there is no way of going back. Or am I mistaken? (let's hope so  )
"E S S E N T I A L" Guide for E A C :

http://users.fulladsl.be/spb2267/

  • Pio2001
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #20
Quote
Pio, how do you quote multiple messages? If I use (Quote)xxx(/Quote) I cant fill in the quote's date and author.


Topic splitted : http://www.hydrogenaudio.org/forums/index....=ST&f=17&t=4585

Quote
This is perhaps the best song example against "leave out gaps" method... what is the tracks's name, album and author?


I've got another one :
Artist : 300 000 VK
Title : Also sprach Johann Paul II

This is a continuous mix. Gaps are
1 - 2.0 seconds
2 - 50.3 seconds
3 - 3.0 seconds
4 - 11.7 seconds
5 - 17.5 seconds
6 - 25.7 seconds
7 - 9.7 seconds
8 - 0.0 seconds

Exept the first, they all contain music. They mark the transition parts between the tracks, when the main theme has ended, and only the background instruments are running, waiting for the next track theme to begin.

  • Pio2001
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #21
Another examples : classical music. I've got very few, but on the three I've checked, two had gaps, and the gaps of both CDs contain the natural noise of the acoustic recording between the tracks. We can hear the performers moving in some gaps.

EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #22
Quote
Quote
 If the CD has gaps, the beginning of each wav will be considered as the gap, even if you appended them to previous track.


So this is very bad news     
Very bad: if you burn with a Cue, and then select a track, the index 0 will not be played, so tracks will lose their first 2 seconds.

Wait, wait, wait a sec!

Not, this is not bad news. Not if you actually created the wavs in such a way the gaps were appended to the beggining of each track! Then the CUE will tell the burner that the beginning of each wav will should considered as the gap, which is indeed true!

The only bad news is if you append the gaps to the end and create a CUE that says the gap was appended to the begging. But then, hey, what do you expected??? You must match the CUE with the way the wav was created.

Quote
So this is not the correct way to make a compliant CUE sheet with default gap settings ('append to previous'). Is there another way? Probably just a matter of correctly editing the Non-compliant CUE sheet...


First, lets try to avoid terms like "correct" and "compliant". See this post to see why

Be careful. In EAC's Create CUE Sheet menu, the word Noncompliant means something completely different. Its about the Cue Sheet format being compliant (ie, accpected, recognized, supported) by burners like CDRWin and Nero.

For gaps and CUE, I think the right word would be "match". A CUE Sheet must match the gap settings used when extracting the wavs/mp3s. Thats it, no more, no less. I will assume that you used the words "compliant" and "non-compliant" meaning "matching or not" the gap settings used, ok?  Translating your words (correct me if im wrong):

Quote
So this is not the correct way to make a CUE sheet that matches the default gap settings ('append to previous').


Yes, this is not the correct way. If the wavs were created with the default gap settings, the right CUE Sheet to use is the "Multiple WAVs with Gaps (Noncompliant)", or, for the sake of simplicity and security, "Current Gap Settings"

Quote
Is there another way? Probably just a matter of correctly editing the "Multiple WAVs with Corrected Gaps" CUE sheet...


So you mean your wavs have the gaps appended to the end, but your CUE was created using the "Corrected Gaps" option, thus reporting the gaps incorrectly as being in the begging of the file? It may take a little of patience and work, but its perfectly possible to manually edit the CUE, "converting" it to the "Multiple WAVs with Gaps (Noncompliant)" format, so it matches your wavs.

You really want to know how to manyally edit the CUE Sheet? I started a new thread to discuss the CUE Sheet ASCII format... jump here

  • liekloo
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #23
I will follow that link immediately, it would highly interest me since to me it seems impossible to convert one type of CUE sheet into another one (in general), since times are different!

There is something I'd like to mention, MestreLion. You are very kind in helping this thread ahead, but I do have some comments.

Quote
Quote
So this is very bad news  
Very bad: if you burn with a Cue, and then select a track, the index 0 will not be played, so tracks will lose their first 2 seconds.
No, this is not bad news (...) The only bad news is if you append the gaps to the end and create a CUE that says the gap was appended to the begging. But then, hey, what do you expected??? You must match the CUE with the way the wav was created.

That's what I meant. Do you realize that most people are doing this? I have seen several guides teaching people to do it this way! I recently started doing this too (stupid me  ) - but since I had my doubts, that's why I am here now 


Quote
Quote
So this is not the correct way to make a compliant CUE sheet with default gap settings ('append to previous'). Is there another way? Probably just a matter of correctly editing the Non-compliant CUE sheet...
First, lets try to avoid terms like "correct" and "compliant". See this post to see why  I will assume that you used the words "compliant" and "non-compliant" meaning "matching or not" the gap settings used, ok? Translating your words (correct me if im wrong):

I am sorry, you are wrong   
'compliant' means adapted to other burning programs. So this has nothing to do with 'matching'. What I meant was 'is it possible to make a normal CUE (gaps appended to previous) that will be accepted by other burning programs too? (It should be, probably just a matter of some editing work)

That's what I meant. You didn't quote me correctly:

Quote
Is there another way? Probably just a matter of correctly editing the "Multiple WAVs with Corrected Gaps" CUE sheet...


That should have been "WAVs with Gaps noncompliant"

Anyway, thanks for your good will 
  • Last Edit: 30 November, 2002, 10:11:57 AM by liekloo
"E S S E N T I A L" Guide for E A C :

http://users.fulladsl.be/spb2267/

  • liekloo
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EAC Tutorial about gaps and cuesheets
Reply #24
I had a look at the thread 

Making several CUE sheets and opening them in notepad, and comparing them is something I have done.
Give me a random CUE and I am able to tell you what kind of CUE sheet it is (not so difficult, you might be able to do that too)




But IMHO it is not possible to convert a "WAVs with corrected gaps" CUE sheet into a "WAVs with gaps" one, due to the different times!

Look at the times and you will see what I mean.

hmmmm... wait!  It might be possible to do so (to convert), if you know the exact lengths of the tracks, so that you can start calculating... Not a funny thing, and we must be aware not to make any mistakes... 
  • Last Edit: 30 November, 2002, 10:43:56 AM by liekloo
"E S S E N T I A L" Guide for E A C :

http://users.fulladsl.be/spb2267/